As computer technology progresses, the distinction between router and switch products is becoming fuzzier. Essentially, routers are Layer 3 devices that connect different networks. A common example is connecting an office Ethernet network to the Internet via DSL. Switches are instead Layer 2 (L2) devices that interconnect various devices that share the same network. Basically, routers depend on CPUs to steer data based on sophisticated algorithms, offering flexibility at the cost of throughput. Switches, on the other hand, depend on largely predefined hardware designs to forward traffic at the fastest possible speed. Today's routers typically incorporate Layer 2 switching capability, and many of today’s switches include L3 routing capability. Routers offered by Cisco, the producer of 90% of the industry's routers, have improved significantly in function and speed and Cisco now offers an extensive portfolio that includes routers built to handle the requirements of customers ranging from households to nationwide service providers.
The latest ISR routers from Cisco offer the performance and built-in functionality to manage IP voice and video plus virtual environments while also providing fault tolerance, web-based management, easy expandability, and enhanced protection. These routers allow you to build a solid basis for an information environment that can grow smoothly as you add new employees, open extra sites, deploy new services, give access to your system to clients and partners, and support an an increasingly mobile user base. Progent’s Cisco certified CCIE network engineers offer fast and economical remote support to assist your company to plan, deploy, manage, update, and support Cisco's most advanced router technology and can assist you to support your legacy routers or move efficiently to Cisco’s current router solutions.
Cisco Routers Designed for Small Businesses and Remote Offices
Cisco’s routers for smaller organizations and branch offices provide low-cost and reliable no-frills alternatives that allow limited sets of workers to have safe connectivity to the Internet. These single-configuration desktop routers feature at minimum four 10/100 Ethernet switches with wireless options plus integrated firewall for enhanced protection. Designed for easy setup, management, and support, Cisco’s small business routers minimize TCO by cutting acquisition and operational investments. Progent’s remote troubleshooting specialists have in-depth experience providing fast and economical technical help for small companies to configure and maintain these devices, and Progent’s Cisco-certified CCIE network engineers can help you to understand how these routers can add to the business value of your IT system.
Cisco Small Business RV Series Routers
Cisco's economical RV Series VPN Routers are engineered to offer small businesses with VPN technology that permits telecommuters and mobile workers to connect to a network via secure tunneling. Models in the RV Series VPN Routers can support up to 100 IPSec VPN tunnels, incorporate 4-, 8-, or 16-port Ethernet switches, come with integrated firewalls that provide advanced data encryption, and allow browser-based setup for remote deployment and management. All models support 10/100 Ethernet and some models can handle Gigabit Ethernet. Wireless models are offered. Cisco's RV Series routers do not incorporate Cisco’s IOS software.
Cisco’s RV041 model VPN Router features a 4-port 10/100 Ethernet switch and can securely support as many as 50 branch offices or off-site workers via IPSec or Point-to-Point VPN tunneling. Cisco's G version can handle Gigabit Ethernet. Cisco's RV082 Dual WAN VPN Router has an 8-port 10/100 switch and can manage up to 100 remote offices or online workers with full IPSec VPN tunneling. The Cisco RV016 Multi WAN VPN Router has 16 switched 10/100 Ethernet ports, supports up to 100 remote connections, and lets up to seven switched ports to be set up for traffic load balancing or for service provider redundancy to provide zero downtime Internet connectivity.
Cisco's newer products in the growing selection of Small Business RV Series VPN Wired/Wireless Routers include the Cisco RV120W Wireless-N VPN Firewall with a 4-port 10/100 Ethernet switch and support for up to 10 VPN tunnels, the Cisco RV180W Wireless-N Multifunction VPN Router with a 4-port Gigabit switch and support for 12000 Concurrent sessions and 10 VPN tunnels, the RV215W wired/Wireless-N Router with a 4-port Ethernet switch and USB support for WAN connectivity, and Cisco's 325 RV325 Dual Gigabit WAN VPN Router that features an integrated a 14-port Gigabit Ethernet switch and Dual Gigabit Ethernet WAN ports for load balancing as well as USB ports attaching 3G/4G modems for broadband failover.
Cisco 800 Family Routers with Integrated Services
Cisco's 850 and Cisco 870 Integrated Services Routers are entry-level routers that offer highly secure, concurrent services over fast interfaces in small off-site offices, teleworker, and small company locations.
Cisco 850 Series routers are targeted at small offices, ideal for up to 10 workers or for teleworker sites where protected and affordable access is required. 850 Series routers offer safe connectivity with Stateful Inspection Firewall and IP security Virtual Private Network services, a 4-port 10/100 Ethernet switch, a protected wireless option with a fixed antenna, and easy setup and integration and off-site management features through Web-enabled tools and IOS Software.
Cisco 870 routers are targeted for small networks, recommended for up to 20 users or for telecommuter sites where advanced voice/video over IP and dependable connectivity utilizing standby WAN connections are required. Cisco 870 Series routers deliver high throughput in small workgroups as well as tight security via services that include Firewall, IPSec VPN, 3DES or Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) as well as Dynamic Multipoint VPN and Tunnel-less Group Encrypted Transport, an intrusion prevention system, virus defense using Network Admission Control (NAC), and policing of secure access policies.
Cisco 870 Series routers also offer best-of-breed quality of service (QoS), a four-connection 10/100 managed switch with VLAN support, a secure WLAN 802.11b/g option with multiple antennas, easy configuration and integration by means of Web-based tools and off-site administration features through Cisco IOS Software, and Power over Ethernet (PoE) support for IP phone sets or external wireless access points.
Cisco Integrated Services G2 Routers
Cisco's Integrated Services G2 routers are designed to provide satellite offices of large businesses with advanced collaboration, virtual networking, protection, and reliable connectivity. ISR Generation 2 routers feature an architecture that preserves past investments in modules for older ISR routers and reduces future costs by permitting easy installation of new modules when they are developed. In comparison to previous ISR routers, Cisco's Integrated Services G2 routers offer 2-7 times more performance, far greater expandability, and more affordable maintenance. All ISR Generation 2 routers offer GE switching and incorporate multi-core CPUs and ultra-fast fabric for faster performance. ISR Generation 2 routers also offer smart power management for better energy efficiency.
A major innovation with Integrated Services G2 routers is the Cisco IOS Universal image which includes all of the IOS feature sets so that your company can rapidly license and activate extra features when desired without needing to acquire and transfer a different IOS Software image over to yourCisco router. Progent's group of CCIE-certified network consultants offer world-class expertise to assist your business to plan, implement, and support multi-site deployments of Cisco Integrated Services G2 routers that improve branch office productivity and cut the costs of expansion and maintenance.
1900 Integrated Services G2 Routers
1900 Series Integrated Services G2 routers include accelerated hardware encryption, optional Cisco IOS firewall, intrusion prevention, and a maximum of 11 modular Ethernet switches. The Cisco 1941W ISR router provides an integrated 802.11n Wi-Fi access point that allows wireless access to high throughput data, voice, and video applications via Multi-Input, Multiple-output support that improves the range of current 802.11 users. Interface options for the 1900 Series Integrated Services G2 routers include T1/E1, xDSL, 3G, and 1 GigE.
Compared to the previous generation 1841 Integrated Services router which they are able to substitute for, the Cisco 1941 and 1941W Integrated Services G2 routers have 256 MB vs. 32 MB of CompactFlash memory as a default, and this can be expanded to 4 gigabytes instead of 128 megabytes. Standard DRAM size is 256 MB instead of 128 MB and top DRAM capacity is 2.25 GB vs. 384 MB. Unlike the 1841 router, the 1900 ISR G2 routers feature a USB console in place of the outdated DB-9 interface and has a slot for the recently introduced ISM module to replace the slot for the older and lower performance AIM module. In contrast to top-of-the-line Integrated Services G2 routers, the 1941 Series ISR G2 routers do not allow redundant power supplies or add-in slots for Packet Voice and fax DSP Modules.
2900 Series Integrated Services G2 Routers
2900 Integrated Services G2 Routers are available in four models which correspond to the routers in Cisco’s successful 2800 router series. Cisco’s 2901, 2911, 2921, and 2951 ISR G2 routers include integrated hardware encryption acceleration, voice and video ready Digital Signal Processor slots, optional firewall, IOS intrusion prevention, call processing, and from 16 up to 50 modular LAN switchports. The on-board encryption circuitry provides IP Security and SSL VPN for protected remote access and is significantly higher performing than the AIM modules supported by Cisco 2800 routers. The top-of-the-line 2951 Series Integrated Services G2 router supports 600 Session Initiation Protocol sessions. Wired and wireless connectivity alternatives include T1/E1, T3/E3, xDSL, plus GE.
2900 ISR G2 routers support Cisco’s Enhanced EtherSwitch Service Modules, providing high-throughput features identical to the Catalyst 2960 and Catalyst 3650-E Series Switches. In comparison to the previous 2821 ISR router that the 2921 Integrated Services G2 router is intended to replace, the Cisco 2921 router is offered standard with 256 megabytes as opposed to 64 MB of flash memory and can be loaded with up to 4GB compared to 256 megabytes. Default DRAM size is 512 megabytes vs. 256 MB and maximum dynamic RAM capacity is 2.5 GB vs. 1 gigabytes.
Cisco 3900 Series ISR G2 Routers
Cisco offers four platforms for the high-end 3900 Series Integrated Services G2 router, the 3925, 3945, 3925E, and 3945E. These models offer the highest performance and slot densities in Cisco’s ISR G2 product line and can accept fast DSPs for the most demanding multimedia environments, fast on-board encryption, a broad selection of connectivity alternatives, a maximum 98 modular LAN Switchports, and up to 2,500 SIP sessions. To protect your IT investment, the 3900 Series Integrated Services G2 routers support the Cisco Services Performance Engine, a versatile motherboard that can be replaced easily to improve processing power without forcing your business to purchase another router. Like other Cisco ISR G2 routers, Cisco’s 3900 family also preserves previous investments by accepting the majority of the modules from first-generation Cisco Integrated Services Routers. For advanced fault tolerance, 3900 Series ISR G2 support two power supplies.
Compared to the previous 3825 Integrated Services router which the 2921 ISR G2 router is designed to replace, the 3925 is shipped by default with 256 megabytes as opposed to 64 megabytes of flash memory and can be loaded with up to 4GB instead of 256 MB. Standard DRAM size is 1 GB vs. 256 megabytes and maximum dynamic RAM size is 4 gigabytes vs. only 1.
4000 Series Integrated Services Routers
The Cisco 4000 Series ISR Routers are compact modular and expandable platforms designed for organizations with multiple branch offices and remote workers requiring direct access to private data centers and public clouds across VPNs and the Internet. The 4000 series provides the bandwidth needed for hybrid WAN environments to accommodate mobile workers, cloud services, and multimedia applications by using network optimization, deep packet inspection, and traffic-management techniques. Devices in the ISR 4000 product line run Cisco's IOS XE software, come in a 1RU or 2RU package, are able to handle Up to 2 Gbps of traffic, and can have up to 3 interface slots, 2 service module slots, 4 built-in Gigabit Ethernet ports, and 8 CPU core server modules. ISR 4000 models can support integrated Gigabit Ethernet, T1/E1, T3/E3, PRI and xDSL. For unified communications, the 400o ISR offers comprehensive edge support technology for session border control, telephony fault tolerance, and TDM gateways.
The major difference between the Cisco 4400 and 4300 Series is dual power supply capability in the 4400 ISR Series, providing a greater degree of fault tolerance. The 4321 Integrated Services Router comes in a 1 RU desktop package and includes two network interface modules (NIMs), provides as much as 100 Mbps performance, and allows up to 240 Digital Voice and Video Channels. The 4331 ISR Router has a 1 RU form factor and includes two NIMs, provides up to 300 Mbps performance, and allows up to 360 Digital Voice and Video Channels. The 4351 router has a 2 RU package with three NIMs, provides as much as 400 Mbps throughput, and allows up to 720 Digital Voice and Video Channels. Cisco's power-redundant 4431 ISR Router features a 2 RU package and includes three NIMs, delivers as much as 1 Gbps throughput, and allows up to 720 Digital Voice/Video Channels. The fault-tolerant 4431 ISR Router comes in a 2 RU package with three NIMs, offers up to 2 Gbps throughput, and supports 1200 Digital Voice and Video Channels.
Cisco's First Generation Integrated Service Routers
Cisco's first-generation ISR routers, with in excess of 6M products in the field, have become the world's leading solution for small businesses and enterprises with branch offices to ensure high-performance, secure, and dependable access to vital applications. Progent's CCIE network engineers are proven experts at delivering remote consulting, administrative, and troubleshooting services for Cisco 1800, 2800, and 3800 series ISR routers. Progent can assist you to move up to the latest release of Cisco IOS Software with the least possible service interruption to your IT operations, evaluate the security vulnerability of your existing router configuration, and assist your IT organization to migrate efficiently to the latest releases of Cisco ISR Generation 2 routers whenever it is appropriate for your business.
Cisco 1800 Series ISR Routers
The modular Cisco 1800 Series of integrated services routers combine data and security within one robust system for fast, expandable connectivity with strategic business applications. The Cisco 1800 Series architecture has been specifically engineered to meet the needs of small-to-medium-sized businesses, small enterprise branch offices, and ISP-managed services environments for access to concurrent services at high speed. The integrated secure systems architecture of the Cisco 1800 Series offers maximum flexibility and investment protection.
The Cisco 1841 router offers important benefits relative to older generations of Cisco 1700 Series routers by delivering more than a fivefold performance increase plus built-in hardware-based encryption enabled by an available IOS Software protection image. The Cisco 1841 integrated services router significantly improves interface card slot throughput as well as capacity compared to the Cisco 1700 Series routers while providing compatibility with more than 30 available Wide Area Network interface cards and multiflex trunk cards (voice/WICs-for data only). The Cisco 1841 device provides further improvement of Virtual Private Network speed via an available Virtual Private Network acceleration module; an intrusion prevention system (IPS) and firewall functions; support for a wide range of interface requirements, including support for optional integrated switch ports; and enough speed and expansion slot density for future network expansion and advanced applications.
2800 Series Routers
Designed for small to midsize businesses and enterprise branch offices, the Cisco 2800 Series consists of four platforms: the 2801 router, the Cisco 2811, the 2821, and the 2851 router. Cisco's 2800 Series routers provide substantial added value vs. prior generations of Cisco routers at comparable prices by delivering as much as a 5x throughput improvement, up to a tenfold increase in security and voice performance, integrated service features, and dramatically enhanced slot speed and capacity while preserving compatibility with the vast majority of the almost 100 existing expansion modules in use today for the Cisco 1700, the 2600 Series, and Cisco's 3700 Series devices.
Cisco's 2800 Series provides an array of popular protection functions including a Cisco IOS Software Firewall, an intrusion prevention, IPSec VPN, Secure Sockets Layer VPN, advanced application inspection and management, Secure Shell (SSH) Protocol Version 2.0, and SNMPv3 in a single protected solution. Additionally, by incorporating security features directly into the router itself, Cisco can enable unique intelligent security functions other security devices cannot, such as network admissions control (NAC) for virus protection; Voice and Video Enabled VPN (V3PN) for quality-of-service (QoS) support when combining voice, video, and Virtual Private Networks; Dynamic Multipoint VPN; Group Encrypted Transport; and Easy VPN for supporting increasingly expandable and manageable VPN environments.
Companies can utilize the 2800 Series router to create a converged IP telephony environment for as many as 96 IP telephones, and can securely deploy data, voice, and IP telephony on one platform for their small to midsize satellite offices.
The 2800 router incorporates a built-in wireless access point for wireless LAN connectivity, Wi-Fi Hotspot capability for public wireless networks, and infrastructure services for portable WLAN telephony and for high-density sites.
Cisco 3800 ISR Routers
The Cisco 3800 Series routers are designed for small-to-medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and enterprise branch offices to provide companies the top degree of network agility, speed, and intelligence. 3800 integrated services routers seamlessly incorporate the latest technologies, smart services, and protected corporate communications into one resilient system. The Cisco 3800 Series routers ease deployment and management, lower network cost and complexity, and provide investment protection. 3800 Series integrated services routers offer embedded security processing, excellent throughput and large memory capacity, and high-density interfaces that deliver the speed, availability, and reliability necessary for building business-critical security, IP telephony, business video, system monitoring, and Web programs in the most demanding corporate environments. Built for performance, the The Cisco 3800 Series integrated services routers deliver multiple simultaneous services that match wired T3/E3 rates.
The integrated services routing architecture of the Cisco 3800 router is designed to integrate protection and voice processing with the latest wired and wireless services for rapid deployment of new services, including application layer operations, smart network services, and converged communications. The 3800 integrated services router supports the throughput demands of several Fast Ethernet interfaces for every slot, time-division multiplexing interconnections, and fully integrated power sourcing to expansion modules supporting 802.3af Power over Ethernet, while still accommodating the traditional selection of interfaces. This enables ongoing investment protection by supporting network scaling or accommodating changes in technology as new services are added. By combining the capabilities of several separate appliances into a single compact device, the Cisco 3800 Series router dramatically reduces the expense and complexity of managing wide area networks.
Cisco's WAN Edge Routers and Carrier-class Routers
Cisco’s midrange and carrier routers offer larger businesses with high-performance, secure distribution points to manage branch office and remote user traffic and to offer service providers economical WAN edge solutions. Cisco’s WAN aggregation and service provider router portfolio includes the Cisco 7600 Series, the ASR 1000 Series Aggregation Services Routers, the ASR 9000 ASR family, and the Cisco CRS-X System.
Progent's nationwide group of CCIE certified network experts have in-depth experience helping global businesses and ISPs to plan efficient installations and smooth expansion of Cisco's WAN edge routers. Progent's GIAC-certified information assurance consultants offer objective, third-party security vulnerability evaluations, penetration services and advanced Security information and Event Management (SIEM) solutions to help companies with Cisco's Aggregation Services Routers to meet business guidelines and government regulations for network information protection and incident reporting.
Cisco 7600 Series Routers
The 7600 Series Integrated Services router takes advantage of the Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series infrastructure with an NEBS-3 box, 256-Gbps crossbar fabric, and 30-Mpps switching performance. Fault tolerance is provided through redundancy plus IOS Software functions. In addition, the Cisco 7600 router provides a rich set of high-touch IP network services at optical speed through various OSMs powered by Cisco patented PXF technology.
The Cisco 7609 Series provides the choice to select a 256-Gbps Switch Fabric Module or the standard 32-Gbps data bus, which provide performance of 30 million packets per second or 15 Mpps respectively. When the Switch Fabric Module is used, the Cisco 7609 can also support distributed switching with throughput up to 168 Mpps by running the Catalyst 6500 16-port Gigabit Ethernet LAN card, which is controlled by the Distributed Forwarding Card (DFC) and the SFM.
The 7603 router has only the standard 32-Gbps data bus option and delivers 15 million packets per second centralized switching performance. The 7603 router does not offer Cisco's distributed switching.
Cisco ASR 1000 Aggregation Services Routers
Cisco’s ASR 1000 Aggregation Services family of routers is positioned in the middle of Cisco’s midrange devices that focus on acting as headends at the wide area network edge. Cisco’s ASR 1000 Series routers offer a small form factor, single-product answer for enterprises who need branch office service aggregation at multigigabit Ethernet speeds. Cisco’s ASR 1000 Series WAN Edge routers incorporate a revolutionary design that combines on-board acceleration with programmable flexibility to deliver a multitude of simultaneous services while preserving dependable performance.
ASR 1000 WAN Edge routers include Cisco’s new QuantumFlow Processor composed of 40 purpose-built Packet Processing Engines (PPEs) that in combination can handle as many as 160 simultaneous processor threads. This massive parallelism, combined with on-board acceleration for all services, enables the high-end ASR 1006 WAN Edge router to expand up to 000 hardware queues, 32K clients, 4K IPSec tunnels at 10,000 sessions per second, and 2M Netflow log records. This processing power allows ASR 1000 routers to deliver a variety of sophisticated services concurrently in high volume without suffering performance degradation that might threaten adherence to SLAs. Examples of these services include Cisco Firewall, IPS, NAT, FPM, and deep packet inspection. The ASR 1000 also permits sophisticated traffic control for performing multiple levels of Quality of Service to a packet in one pass, improving responsiveness for high-bandwidth IP voice and video applications.
Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Routers
Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Routers are designed as WAN-edge routers for service providers who need to support the highest quality data, voice and video services to home, commercial, and mobile users by offering non-stop availability, high speed, and application awareness. All platforms in the ASR 9000 Series of Aggregation Services Routers are powered by Cisco's IOS XR operating system, a self-healing, distributed operating system built for non-stop availability. Performance of the ASR 9000 portfolio of Aggregation Services Routers can be expanded up to 96 Tbps per system. the ASR 9000 Series of Aggregation Services Routers can handle high-density Gigabit Ethernet, 10 GE, and 100 GE and feature redundant fabric and power supply, power entry modules, plus redundant switch fabric.
The ASR 9001 platform is a provider-edge router that comes in a 6 RU package that delivers 120 Gbps of nonblocking, full-duplex fabric performance. The Cisco ASR 9001 has two modular bays which can accept adapters for 1, 10, and 40 Gigabit Ethernet. The base chassis includes four 10 Gbit Ethernet enhanced Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP+) ports as well as ports for Stratum 1 clocking, BITS, and management. The Cisco ASR 9904 Router has a 6 RU chassis and provides dense 10 and 100 GE connectivity in space-constrained environments. The 4-slot ASR 9094 can scale up to 4 Tbps of capacity in a single box. The ASR 9912 Router comes in a 30 RU form factor with 10 line-card slots able to provide 550 Gbps of throughput. The Cisco ASR 9912 Router includes 2 route processors and 6+1 Fabric Cards to provide N+1 redundancy.
The Cisco CRS Carrier Routing System
Cisco's Carrier Routing System (CRS) family, powered by Cisco's IOS XR self-healing operating system, offers carriers high-level performance and uptime. The CRS portfolio was first released in 2004, has been steadily improved, and now includes the world's most widely deployed multishelf core router system. To preserve existing investments in network infrastructure, new Carrier Routing System platforms are backward compatible with earlier CRS versions.
Current product families in the Carrier Routing System portfolio are the CRS-1, CRS-3, and CRS-X Series Routers. Each Carrier Routing System series includes single-shelf 4-slot, 8-slot, and 16-slot units plus multi-chassis versions. The CRS-1 Series is based on Cisco's Silicon Packet Processor technology and offers up to 92 Tbps of performance. Routers in the CRS-3 Series use Cisco's QuantumFlow Array technology and can provide up to 322 Tbps. Cisco's CRS-X Routers incorporate Cisco's CMOS photonics CPAK technology and can be expanded to deliver an impressive 922 Tbps performance.
The Cisco Carrier Routing System Multichassis platforms can scale to support up to 72 line-card shelves that have the capability to deliver 400-Gigabit per second of uninterrupted performance per slot. CRS Multichassis platforms can support up to 8 fabric shelves. MSCs and physical layer interface modules (PLIMs) can be used across the entire Carrier Routing System family.
How Progent's Consultants Can Assist You to Support Cisco Routers
Progent's Cisco qualified engineers can assist you to design, setup, and manage a converged network infrastructure that can simplify operations, lower costs, and speed the path to positive ROI. By teaming Cisco routers with Catalyst switches expertise and Aironet and Meraki wireless expertise, Progent can dramatically increase the business value of your network infrastructure. Progent can provide onsite and remote help and can provide data center support throughout Northern California and major locations nationally.
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